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George Orwell Novels And Essays

George Orwell's collected nonfiction, written in the clear-eyed and uncompromising style that earned him a critical following



One of the most thought-provoking and vivid essayists of the twentieth century, George Orwell fought the injustices of his time with singular vigor through pen and paper. In this selection of essays, he ranges from reflections on his boyhood schoolGeorge Orwell's collected nonfiction, written in the clear-eyed and uncompromising style that earned him a critical following



One of the most thought-provoking and vivid essayists of the twentieth century, George Orwell fought the injustices of his time with singular vigor through pen and paper. In this selection of essays, he ranges from reflections on his boyhood schooling and the profession of writing to his views on the Spanish Civil War and British imperialism. The pieces collected here include the relatively unfamiliar and the more celebrated, making it an ideal compilation for both new and dedicated readers of Orwell's work....more

Paperback, 316 pages

Published 1981 by Harvest (first published 1954)

The bibliography of George Orwell includes journalism, essays, novels and non-fiction books written by the British writer Eric Blair (1903–50), either under his own name or, more usually, under his pen name George Orwell. Orwell was a prolific writer on topics related to contemporary English society and literary criticism, whom the British newsweekly The Economist in 2008 declared "perhaps the 20th century's best chronicler of English culture."[1] His non-fiction cultural and political criticism constitutes the majority of his work, but Orwell also wrote in several genres of fictional literature.

Orwell is best remembered for his political commentary as a left-wing anti-totalitarian. As he explained in the essay "Why I Write" (1946), "Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism and for democratic socialism, as I understand it."[2] To that end Orwell used his fiction as well as his journalism to defend his political convictions. He first achieved widespread acclaim with his fictional novellaAnimal Farm and cemented his place in history with the publication of Nineteen Eighty-Four shortly before his death. While fiction accounts for a small fraction of his total output, these two novels are his best-selling works, having sold almost fifty million copies in sixty-two languages by 2007—more than any other pair of books by a twentieth-century author.[3]

Orwell wrote non-fiction—including book reviews, editorials, and investigative journalism—for a variety of British periodicals. In his lifetime he published hundreds of articles including several regular columns in British newsweeklies related to literary and cultural criticism as well as his explicitly political writing. In addition he wrote book-length investigations of poverty in Britain in the form of Down and Out in Paris and London and The Road to Wigan Pier and one of the first retrospectives on the Spanish Civil War in Homage to Catalonia. Between 1941 and 1946 he also wrote fifteen "London Letters" for the American political and literary quarterly Partisan Review, the first of which appeared in the issue dated March–April 1941.

Only two compilations of Orwell's body of work were published in his lifetime, but since his death over a dozen collected editions have appeared. Two attempts have been made at comprehensive collections: Complete Essays, Journalism and Letters in four volumes (1968–70), co-edited by Ian Angus and Orwell's widow Sonia Brownell; and The Complete Works of George Orwell, in 20 volumes, edited by Peter Davison, which began publication in the mid-1980s. The latter includes an addendum, The Lost Orwell (2007).

The impact of Orwell's large corpus is manifested in additions to the Western canon such as Nineteen Eighty-Four, its subjection to continued public notice and scholarly analyses, and the changes to vernacular English it has effected—notably the adoption of "Orwellian" as a description of totalitarian societies.

Books: non-fiction and novels[edit]

Orwell wrote six novels: Burmese Days, A Clergyman's Daughter, Keep the Aspidistra Flying, Coming Up for Air, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Most of these were semi-autobiographical. Burmese Days was inspired by his period working as an imperial policeman and is fictionalized; A Clergyman's Daughter follows a young woman who passes out from overwork and wakes up an amnesiac, forced to wander the countryside as she finds herself, eventually losing her belief in God, despite being the daughter of a clergyman. Keep the Aspidistra Flying and Coming Up for Air are examinations of the British class system. Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four are his most famous novels: both are anti-totalitarian books which criticize the Soviet Union in particular.

In addition to his novels Orwell also wrote three non-fiction books. Down and Out in Paris and London records his experiences tramping and teaching in those two cities. The Road to Wigan Pier is initially a study of poverty in the North of England, but ends with an extended autobiographical essay describing some of Orwell's experiences with poverty. Homage to Catalonia recounts his experiences as a volunteer fighting fascism with the Workers' Party of Marxist Unification in anarchist Catalonia during the Spanish Civil War.

  • Down and Out in Paris and London (9 January 1933, Victor Gollancz Ltd)
  • Burmese Days (October 1934, Harper & Brothers)
  • A Clergyman's Daughter (11 March 1935, Victor Gollancz Ltd)
  • Keep the Aspidistra Flying (20 April 1936, Victor Gollancz Ltd)
  • The Road to Wigan Pier (February 1937, Left Book Club edition; 8 March 1937 Victor Gollancz Ltd edition for the general public)
  • Homage to Catalonia (25 April 1938, Secker and Warburg)
  • Coming Up for Air (12 June 1939, Victor Gollancz Ltd)
  • Animal Farm (17 August 1945, Secker and Warburg)
  • Nineteen Eighty-Four (8 June 1949, Secker and Warburg)

Articles[edit]

Orwell wrote hundreds of essays, book reviews and editorials. His insights into linguistics, literature and politics—in particular anti-fascism, anti-communism, and democratic socialism—continued to be influential decades after his death.[4] Over a dozen of these were published in collections during his life—Inside the Whale and Other Essays by his original publisher Victor Gollancz Ltd in 1940, and Critical Essays by Secker and Warburg in 1946. The latter press also published the collections Shooting an Elephant and Other Essays in 1950 (republished by Penguin in 2003) and England Your England and Other Essays in 1953.

Since his death many collections of essays have appeared, with the first attempt at a comprehensive collection being the four-volume Collected Essays, Letters and Journalism of George Orwell edited by Ian Angus and Sonia Brownell, which was published by Secker and Warburg and Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich in 1968–1970. Peter Davison of De Montfort University spent 17 years researching and correcting the entirety of Orwell's works[5] with Angus and Sheila Davison, and devoted the last eleven volumes of the twenty-volume series The Complete Works of George Orwell to essays, letters, and journal entries. The entire series was initially printed by Secker and Warburg in 1986, finished by Random House in 1998, and revised between 2000 and 2002.

Pamphlets[edit]

Starting with The Lion and the Unicorn (1941), several of Orwell's longer essays took the form of pamphlets:

  • The Lion and the Unicorn: Socialism and the English Genius was printed by his publisher Secker and Warburg as Searchlight Books No. 1 on 19 February 1941.
  • Betrayal of the Left was printed by his other regular publisher Victor Gollancz Ltd. in 1941, with material from Victor Gollancz, John Strachey, and others.
  • Victory or Vested Interest? came from The Labour Book Service on 15 May 1942, with Orwell's "Culture and Democracy" (made up of the pieces "Fascism and Democracy" and "Patriots and Revolutionaries") amongst others.
  • Talking to India, by E. M. Forster, Richie Calder, Cedric Dover, Hsiao Ch'ien and Others: A Selection of English Language Broadcasts to India was published in 1943 by Allen & Unwin, edited with an introduction by Orwell.
  • James Burnham and the Managerial Revolution – Socialist Book Centre, printing of Second Thoughts on James Burnham under this title in July 1946.
  • The English People was printed by HarperCollins 1947.
  • British Pamphleteers Volume 1: From the 16th Century the 18th Century from Allan Wingate, spring 1948 was co-edited by Orwell and Reginald Reynolds with an introduction by Orwell.

Poems[edit]

Orwell was not widely known for writing verse, but he did publish several poems that have survived, including many written during his school days:[6]

  • "Awake! Young Men of England" (1914)
  • "Ballade" (1929)
  • "A Dressed Man and a Naked Man" (1933)
  • "A Happy Vicar I Might Have Been" (1935)
  • "Ironic Poem About Prostitution" (written prior to 1936)
  • "Kitchener" (1916)
  • "The Lesser Evil" (1924)
  • "A Little Poem" (1935)
  • "On a Ruined Farm Near the His Master's Voice Gramophone Factory" (1934)
  • "Our Minds Are Married, but We Are Too Young" (1918)
  • "The Pagan" (1918)
  • "The Wounded Cricketer" (1920)
  • "Poem from Burma" (1922–1927)
  • "Romance" (1925)
  • "Sometimes in the Middle Autumn Days" (1933)
  • "Suggested by a Toothpaste Advertisement" (1918–1919)
  • "Summer-like for an Instant" (1933)
  • "As One Non-Combatant to Another" (1943)

In October 2015 Finlay Publisher, for The Orwell Society, published George Orwell: The Complete Poetry, compiled and presented by Dione Venables.[7][8]

Editing[edit]

In addition to the pamphlets British Pamphleteers Volume 1: From the 16th Century the 18th Century and Talking to India, by E. M. Forster, Richie Calder, Cedric Dover, Hsiao Ch'ien and Others: A Selection of English Language Broadcasts to India, Orwell edited two newspapers during his Eton years—College Days/The Colleger (1917) and Election Times (1917–1921). While working for the BBC, he collected six editions of a poetry magazine named Voice which were broadcast by Orwell, Mulk Raj Anand, John Atkins, Edmund Blunden, Venu Chitale, William Empson, Vida Hope, Godfrey Kenton, Una Marson, Herbert Read, and Stephen Spender. The magazine was published and distributed to the readers before being broadcast by the BBC. Issue five has not been recovered and was consequently excluded from A. J. West's collection of BBC transcripts.

Collected editions[edit]

Two essay collections were published during Orwell's lifetime—Inside the Whale and Other Essays in 1940 and Critical Essays in 1946 (the latter published in the United States as Dickens, Dali, and Others in 1958.) His publisher followed up these anthologies with Shooting an Elephant and Other Essays in 1950, England Your England and Other Essays in 1953—which was revised as Such, Such Were the Joys—and Collected Essays in 1961. The first significant publications in the United States were Doubleday's A Collection of Essays by George Orwell from 1954, 1956's The Orwell Reader, Fiction, Essays, and Reportage from Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, and Penguin's Selected Essays in 1957; re-released in 1962 with the title Inside the Whale and Other Essays and in abridged form as Why I Write in 2005 as a part of the Great Ideas series. In the aforementioned series, Penguin also published the short collections Books v. Cigarettes (2008), Some Thoughts on the Common Toad (2010), and Decline of the English Murder (2009). The later does not contain the same texts as Decline of the English Murder and Other Essays, published by Penguin in association with Secker & Warburg in 1965. The complete texts Orwell wrote for the Observer are collected in Orwell: The Observer Years published by Atlantic Books in 2003.

After Words interview with George Packer, conducted by Christopher Hitchens, featuring discussion of Orwell's writings and Packer's work editing Facing Unpleasant Facts and All Art Is Propaganda, C-SPAN[9]

In 1976 Martin Secker & Warburg Ltd in association with Octopus Books published The Complete Novels, this edition was latter republished by Penguin Books in 1983, and reprinted in Penguin Classics 2000 and 2009. Since the publication of Davison's corrected critical edition, John Carey's thorough Essays was released on 15 October 2002, as a part of the Everyman's Library and George Packer edited two collections for Houghton Mifflin, released on 13 October 2008—All Art Is Propaganda: Critical Essays and Facing Unpleasant Facts: Narrative Essays.

Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus edited a four volume collection of Orwell's writings, The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, divided into four volumes:

  • An Age Like This 1920–1940
  • My Country Right or Left 1940–1943 (first published 1968)
  • As I Please, 1943–1945
  • In Front of Your Nose, 1945–1950

The Complete Works of George Orwell is a twenty-volume series, with the first nine being devoted to the non-fiction books and novels and the final eleven volumes entitled:

  • A Kind of Compulsion: 1903–1936
  • Facing Unpleasant Facts: 1937–1939
  • A Patriot After All: 1940–1941
  • All Propaganda Is Lies: 1941–1942
  • Keeping Our Little Corner Clean: 1942–1943
  • Two Wasted Years: 1943
  • I Have Tried to Tell the Truth: 1943–1944
  • I Belong to the Left: 1945
  • Smothered Under Journalism: 1946
  • It Is What I Think: 1947–1948
  • Our Job Is to Make Life Worth Living: 1949–1950

In 2001 Penguin published four selections from The Complete Works of George Orwell edited by Peter Davison in their modern classics series titled Orwell and the Dispossessed: Down and Out in Paris and London in the Context of Essays, Reviews and Letters selected from The Complete Works of George Orwell with an introduction by Peter Clarke, Orwell's England: The Road to Wigan Pier in the Context of Essays, Reviews, Letters and Poems selected from The Complete Works of George Orwell with an introduction by Ben Pimlott, Orwell in Spain: The Full Text of Homage to Catalonia with Associated Articles, Reviews and Letters from The Complete Works of George Orwell with an introduction by Christopher Hitchens, and Orwell and Politics: Animal Farm in the Context of Essays, Reviews and Letters selected from The Complete Works of George Orwell with an introduction by Timothy Garton Ash.

Davison later compiled a handful of writings—including letters, an obituary for H. G. Wells, and his reconstruction of Orwell's list—into Lost Orwell: Being a Supplement to The Complete Works of George Orwell, which was published by Timewell Press in 2006, with a paperback published on 25 September 2007. In 2011, Davison's selection of letters and journal entries were published as George Orwell: A Life in Letters and Diaries by Harvill Secker.[10] A selection by Davison from Orwell's journalism and other writings were published by Harvill Secker in 2014 under the title Seeing Things as They Are.

Other works[edit]

After his first publication—the poem "Awake! Young Men of England", published in the Henley and South Oxfordshire Standard in 1914—Orwell continued to write for his school publications The Election Times and College Days/The Colleger.[6] He also experimented with writing for several years before he could support himself as an author. These pieces include first-hand journalism (e.g. 1931's "The Spike"), articles (e.g. 1931's "Hop-Picking"), and even a one-act play—Free Will. (He would also adapt four plays as radio dramas.)

His production of fiction was not as prolific—while living in Paris he wrote a few unpublished stories and two novels,[11] but burned the manuscripts (Orwell routinely destroyed his manuscripts and with the exception of a partial copy of Nineteen Eighty-Four, all are lost. Davison would publish this as Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Facsimile of the Extant Manuscript by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt in May 1984, ISBN 0-15-166034-4.) In addition, Orwell produced several pieces while working at the BBC as a correspondent. Some were written by him and others were merely recited for radio broadcast. For years, these went uncollected until the anthologies Orwell: The War Broadcasts (Marboro Books, June 1985 and in the United States, as Orwell: The Lost Writings by Arbor House, September 1985) and Orwell: The War Commentaries (Gerald Duckworth & Company Ltd., London, 1 January 1985) were edited by W. J. West. Orwell was responsible for producing The Indian Section of BBC Eastern Service and his program notes from 1 February and 7 December 1942, have survived (they are reproduced in War Broadcasts). He was also asked to provide an essay about British cooking along with recipes for The British Council. Orwell kept a diary which has been published by his widow—Sonia Brownell—and academic Peter Davison, in addition to his private correspondence.

Full list of publications[edit]

Legend for collected editions
  • All Art Is Propaganda: Critical Essays (AAIP)
  • Critical Essays (CrE)
  • Collected Essays (ColE)
  • The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell (CEJL)
  • A Collection of Essays by George Orwell (CoE)
  • Complete Novels (CN)
  • The Complete Works of George Orwell (CW)
  • Decline of the English Murder and Other Essays (DotEM)
  • England Your England and Other Essays (EYE)
  • Essays (EL)
  • Facing Unpleasant Facts: Narrative Essays (FUF)
  • Inside the Whale and Other Essays (ItW)
  • Lost Orwell: Being a Supplement to The Complete Works of George Orwell (LO)
  • Orwell and Politics (OP)
  • Orwell and the Dispossessed (OD)
  • Orwell in Spain (OS)
  • Orwell: The Observer Years (OY)
  • Orwell: The War Broadcasts (WB)
  • Orwell: The War Commentaries (WC)
  • Orwell's England (OE)
  • The Orwell Reader, Fiction, Essays, and Reportage (OR)
  • Penguin Great Ideas
    • Books v. Cigarettes (BvC)
    • Decline of the English Murder (DEM)
    • Some Thoughts on the Common Toad (STCM)
    • Why I Write (WIW)
  • Shooting an Elephant and Other Essays (SaE)
  • Selected Essays (SE)
  • Such, Such Were the Joys (SSWtJ)
TitleDateCollectedNotes
About It And About !"About It and About"000000001939-08-12-000012 August 1939CW XIReview of Foreign Correspondent: Twelve British Journalists and In the Margins of History by L. B. Namier and Europe Going, Going, Gone! by Count Ferdinand von Czernin, published in Time and Tide[12]
Adventure Of The Lost Meat-card !"The Adventure of the Lost Meat-card"000000001918-06-03-00003 June 1918CW XShort story published unsigned in The Election Times No. 4, pp. 43–46.[13][note 1]
After Twelve !"After Twelve"000000001920-04-01-00001 April 1920CW XPoem published unsigned in College Days No. 4, p. 104, possibly by Orwell[14][note 2][note 3]
All Art Is Propaganda: Critical Essays000000002008-10-13-000013 October 2008Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt in New York City, edited by George Packer. Companion volume to Facing Unpleasant Facts: Narrative Essays
All Change Is Here !"All Change Is Here"000000001944-05-07-00007 May 1944OYPublished in The Observer
Allies Facing Food Crisis In Germany !"Allies Facing Food Crisis in Germany"000000001945-04-15-000015 April 1945OYPublished in The Observer
American Critic !"An American Critic"000000001942-05-10-000010 May 1942OYPublished in The Observer
Animal Farm000000001945-08-17-000017 August 1945CN, CW VIII, OPPublished by Secker and Warburg in London on and Harcourt Brace Jovanovich in New York City on 26 August 1946. The original printing is entitled Animal Farm: A Fairy Story.
Anti-Semitism In Britain !"Anti-Semitism in Britain"000000001945-04-01-0000April 1945SSWtJ, EYE, ColE, CEJL III, ELPublished in Contemporary Jewish Record
Are Books Too Dear? !"Are Books Too Dear?"000000001944-06-01-00001 June 1944ELPublished in Manchester Evening News
A.R.D – After Rooms – Janney !"A.R.D – After rooms – JANNEY"000000001920-04-01-00001 April 1920CW XMock advertisement published unsigned in College Days No. 4, p. 103. Written together with Denys King-Farlow.[14][15][note 3]
Art Of Donald Mcgill !"The Art of Donald McGill"000000001941-09-01-0000September 1941AAIP, CEJL II, CoE, ColE, CrE, DotEM, EL, ODPublished in Horizon
Arthur Koestler !"Arthur Koestler"000000001944-09-11-000011 September 1944CrE, ColE, CEJL III, ELUnpublished typescript
As I Please 01 !"As I Please" #1000000001943-12-03-00003 December 1943CEJL III, EL, FUFPublished in Tribune
As I Please 02 !"As I Please" #2000000001943-12-10-000010 December 1943EL, FUFPublished in Tribune
As I Please 03 !"As I Please" #3000000001943-12-17-000017 December 1943CEJL III, EL, FUFPublished in Tribune
As I Please 04 !"As I Please" #4000000001943-12-24-000024 December 1943CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 05 !"As I Please" #5000000001943-12-31-000031 December 1943CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 06 !"As I Please" #6000000001944-01-07-00007 January 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 07 !"As I Please" #7000000001944-01-14-000014 January 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 08 !"As I Please" #8000000001944-01-21-000021 January 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 09 !"As I Please" #9000000001944-01-28-000028 January 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 10 !"As I Please" #10000000001944-02-04-00004 February 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 11 !"As I Please" #11000000001944-02-11-000011 February 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 12 !"As I Please" #12000000001944-02-18-000018 February 1944ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 13 !"As I Please" #13000000001944-02-25-000025 February 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 14 !"As I Please" #14000000001944-03-03-00003 March 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 15 !"As I Please" #15000000001944-03-10-000010 March 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 16 !"As I Please" #16000000001944-03-17-000017 March 1944CEJL III, EL, FUFPublished in Tribune
As I Please 17 !"As I Please" #17000000001944-03-24-000024 March 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 18 !"As I Please" #18000000001944-03-31-000031 March 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 19 !"As I Please" #19000000001944-04-07-00007 April 1944ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 20 !"As I Please" #20000000001944-04-14-000014 April 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 21 !"As I Please" #21000000001944-04-21-000021 April 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 22 !"As I Please" #22000000001944-04-28-000028 April 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 23 !"As I Please" #23000000001944-05-05-00005 May 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 24 !"As I Please" #24000000001944-05-12-000012 May 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 25 !"As I Please" #25000000001944-05-19-000019 May 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 26 !"As I Please" #26000000001944-05-26-000026 May 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 27 !"As I Please" #27000000001944-06-02-00002 June 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 28 !"As I Please" #28000000001944-06-09-00009 June 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 29 !"As I Please" #29000000001944-06-16-000016 June 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 30 !"As I Please" #30000000001944-06-23-000023 June 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 31 !"As I Please" #31000000001944-06-30-000030 June 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 32 !"As I Please" #32000000001944-07-07-00007 July 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 33 !"As I Please" #33000000001944-07-14-000014 July 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 34 !"As I Please" #34000000001944-07-21-000021 July 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 35 !"As I Please" #35000000001944-07-28-000028 July 1944CEJL III, EL, OD(excerpt)Published in Tribune
As I Please 36 !"As I Please" #36000000001944-08-04-00004 August 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 37 !"As I Please" #37000000001944-08-11-000011 August 1944CEJL III, EL, OE(excerpt)Published in Tribune
As I Please 38 !"As I Please" #38000000001944-08-18-000018 August 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 39 !"As I Please" #39000000001944-08-25-000025 August 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 40 !"As I Please" #40000000001944-09-01-00001 September 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 41 !"As I Please" #41000000001944-09-08-00008 September 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 42 !"As I Please" #42000000001944-09-15-000015 September 1944CEJL III, EL, OS(excerpt)Published in Tribune
As I Please 43 !"As I Please" #43000000001944-10-06-00006 October 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 44 !"As I Please" #44000000001944-10-13-000013 October 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 45 !"As I Please" #45000000001944-10-20-000020 October 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 46 !"As I Please" #46000000001944-10-27-000027 October 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 47 !"As I Please" #47000000001944-11-03-00003 November 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 48 !"As I Please" #48000000001944-11-17-000017 November 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 49 !"As I Please" #49000000001944-11-24-000024 November 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 50 !"As I Please" #50000000001944-12-01-00001 December 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 51 !"As I Please" #51000000001944-12-08-00008 December 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 52 !"As I Please" #52000000001944-12-29-000029 December 1944CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 53 !"As I Please" #53000000001945-01-05-00005 January 1945CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 54 !"As I Please" #54000000001945-01-12-000012 January 1945CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 55 !"As I Please" #55000000001945-01-19-000019 January 1945CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 56 !"As I Please" #56000000001945-01-26-000026 January 1945CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 57 !"As I Please" #57000000001945-02-02-00002 February 1945CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 58 !"As I Please" #58000000001945-02-09-00009 February 1945CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 59 !"As I Please" #59000000001945-02-16-000016 February 1945CEJL III, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 60 !"As I Please" #60000000001946-11-08-00008 November 1946CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 61 !"As I Please" #61000000001946-11-15-000015 November 1946CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 62 !"As I Please" #62000000001946-11-22-000022 November 1946CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 63 !"As I Please" #63000000001946-11-29-000029 November 1946CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 64 !"As I Please" #64000000001946-12-06-00006 December 1946CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 65 !"As I Please" #65000000001946-12-13-000013 December 1946CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 66 !"As I Please" #66000000001946-12-20-000020 December 1946CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 67 !"As I Please" #67000000001946-12-27-000027 December 1946CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 68 !"As I Please" #68000000001947-01-03-00003 January 1947CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 69 !"As I Please" #69000000001947-01-17-000017 January 1947CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 70 !"As I Please" #70000000001947-01-24-000024 January 1947CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 71 !"As I Please" #71000000001947-01-31-000031 January 1947CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 72 !"As I Please" #72000000001947-02-07-00007 February 1947CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 73 !"As I Please" #73000000001947-02-14-000014 February 1947CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 74 !"As I Please" #74000000001947-02-21-000021 February 1947ELPublished in Manchester Evening News for Tribune
As I Please 75A !"As I Please" #75A000000001947-02-27-000027 February 1947ELPublished in Daily Herald for Tribune
As I Please 75B !"As I Please" #75B000000001947-02-28-000028 February 1947ELPublished in Manchester Evening News for Tribune
As I Please 76 !"As I Please" #76000000001947-03-07-00007 March 1947CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 77 !"As I Please" #77000000001947-03-14-000014 March 1947CEJL IV, EL, OE(excerpt)Published in Tribune
As I Please 78 !"As I Please" #78000000001947-03-21-000021 March 1947ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 79 !"As I Please" #79000000001947-03-28-000028 March 1947CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
As I Please 80 !"As I Please" #80000000001947-04-04-00004 April 1947ELPublished in Tribune
As One Non-Combatant To Another !"As One Non-Combatant to Another"000000001943-06-18-000018 June 1943CEJL IIPoem written in response to Alex Comfort's Letter to an American Visitor (published under the pseudonym "Obadiah Hornbrooke" in Tribune 9 June 1943), published in Tribune
At School And On Holiday !"At School and on Holiday"000000001940-12-07-00007 December 1940Published in Time and Tide
Authentic Socialism !"Authentic Socialism"000000001938-06-16-000016 June 1938CEJL I, CW XIReview of The Freedom of the Streets by Jack Common, published in New English Weekly[16]
Authors Take Sides on the Spanish War !unpublished response to Authors Take Sides on the Spanish War000000001937-08-03-00003 August 1937CW XI, EL, OSUnpublished response, written 3–6 August 1937, to a questionnaire sent out by Nancy Cunard and the Left Review for the pamphlet Authors Take Sides on the Spanish War.[17]
Autobiographical Note !"Autobiographical Note"000000001940-04-17-000017 April 1940CEJL IIWritten for Stanley Kunitz and Howard Haycraft's Twentieth Century Authors, published by W. H. Wilson & Co. in 1942
Awake! Young Men Of England !"Awake! Young Men of England"000000001914-10-02-00002 October 1914CW XPoem published in the Henley and South Oxfordshire Standard Vol. XXV, No. 1455, p. 8, signed "Eric Blair"[13]
Back To The Land !"Back to the Land"000000001944-09-03-00003 September 1944OYPublished in The Observer
Back To The Twenties !"Back to the Twenties"000000001937-10-21-000021 October 1937CW XIReview of the magazine The Booster (September 1937) published in New English Weekly[18]
Background Of French Morocco !"Background of French Morocco"000000001942-11-20-000020 November 1942Published in Tribune
Background To Travel !"Background to Travel"000000001937-09-25-000025 September 1937CEJL I, CW XIReview of Journey to Turkistan by Eric Teichman, published in Time and Tide[19]
Bad Climates Are Best !"Bad Climates Are Best"000000001946-02-02-00002 February 1946ELPublished in Evening Standard
Ballade !"Ballade"000000001929-06-01-0000June 1929Written before the summer of 1929, this poem has not survived
Banish This Uniform !"Banish This Uniform"000000001945-12-22-000022 December 1945ELPublished in Evening Standard
Barbarians And Philistines: Democracy And The Public Schools By T. C. Worsley !Barbarians and Philistines: Democracy and the Public Schools by T. C. Worsley000000001940-09-14-000014 September 1940EL, ODBook review published in Time and Tide
Bare Christmas For The Children !"Bare Christmas for the Children"000000001945-12-01-00001 December 1945ELPublished in Evening Standard
Bastard Death by Michael Fraenkel and Fast One by Paul Cain000000001936-04-23-000023 April 1936CEJL IBook review published in New English Weekly
Battle Ground !"Battle Ground"000000001945-12-16-000016 December 1945OYPublished in The Observer
Bavarian Peasants Ignore The War !"Bavarian Peasants Ignore the War"000000001945-04-22-000022 April 1945OYPublished in The Observer
Bayonet In War !"The Bayonet in War"000000001941-03-21-000021 March 1941Published in The Spectator
Bbc Internal Memorandum !BBC Internal Memorandum000000001942-10-15-000015 October 1942CEJL IIMemo written by Orwell for his boss at BBC Eastern Service outlining his demands for working on-air
Beggars in London !"Beggars in London"000000001929-01-12-000012 January 1929Published in French in Progrès Civique
Behind The Ranges !"Behind the Ranges"000000001944-06-11-000011 June 1944OYPublished in The Observer
Benefit Of Clergy: Some Notes On Salvador Dali !"Benefit of Clergy: Some Notes on Salvador Dali"000000001944-01-01-00001944CrE, ColE, DotEM, CEJL III, EL, AAIP, STCMBook review of Salvador Dalí's Life intended for The Saturday Book volume four.
Bernard Shaw !"Bernard Shaw"000000001943-01-22-000022 January 1943WBBroadcast by the BBC
Best Novels Of 1949: Some Personal Choices !"The Best Novels of 1949: Some Personal Choices"000000001950-01-01-00001 January 1950LO, OYA list of authors' favourite books of 1949 published in The Observer
Betrayal of the Left: An Examination & Refutation of Communist Policy from October 1939 to January 1941 with Suggestions for an Alternative and an Epilogue on Political Morality000000001941-03-03-00003 March 1941Published by the Left Book Club, edited by Victor Gollancz, with Orwell's "Fascism and Democracy" and "Patriots and Revolutionaries"
Black Spring by Henry Miller, A Passage to India by E. M. Forster, Death of a Hero by Richard Aldington, The Jungle by Upton Sinclair, A Hind Let Loose by Charles Edward Montague, and A Safety Match by Ian Hay000000001936-09-24-000024 September 1936CEJL IBook review published in New English Weekly
Book Racket !"The Book Racket"000000001939-09-01-0000September 1939CW XIReview of Best-Sellers by George Stevens, Stanley Unwin and Frank Swinnerton, published in The Adelphi[12]
Books And The People: Money And Virtue !"Books and the People: Money and Virtue"000000001944-11-10-000010 November 1944CEJL III, CW XVIReview of The Vicar of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith, published in Tribune No. 410, pp. 15–16[20]
Books V. Cigarettes !"Books v. Cigarettes"000000001946-02-08-00008 February 1946SaE, CEJL IV, ELPublished in Tribune
Bookshop Memories !"Bookshop Memories"000000001936-11-01-0000November 1936CEJL I, EL, FUFPublished in Fortnightly Review
Boys' Weeklies !"Boys' Weeklies"000000001940-03-11-000011 March 1940AAIP, CEJL I, CoE, CrE, ColE, ItW, OD, SEPublished in Horizon in abridged form and revised for Inside the Whale and Other Essays
Britain's Struggle For Survival: The Labour Government After Three Years !"Britain's Struggle for Survival: The Labour Government After Three Years"000000001948-10-01-0000October 1948Published in Commentary
British Cookery !"British Cookery"000000001946-01-01-00001946Article with recipes commissioned by the British Council; due to rationing, it was not published
British Crisis !"The British Crisis"000000001942-06-01-0000June 1942Published in Partisan Review, June/July 1942.
British General Election !"The British General Election"000000001945-11-01-0000November 1945Published in Commentary
Britain's Left-Wing Press !"Britain's Left-Wing Press"000000001948-06-01-0000June 1948ELPublished in The Progressive
British Pamphleteers Volume 1: From the 16th Century the 18th Century000000001948-04-01-0000April 1948Published by Allan Wingate in Spring 1948, co-edited by Orwell and Reginald Reynolds with an introduction by Orwell.
British Rations And The Submarine War !"British Rations and the Submarine War"000000001942-01-22-000022 January 1942WBBroadcast by the BBC
British Way In Warfare !The British Way in Warfare by Basil Liddell Hart000000001942-11-21-000021 November 1942CEJL IIBook review published in

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